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A scatter plot, also called a scatter diagram or a scattergram, is a basic graphic tool that illustrates the relationship between two variables. The dots on the scatter plot represent data points. See the tool Scatter Plot.
Scatter plots are used with variable data to study possible relationships between two different variables. Even though a scatter plot depicts a relationship between variables, it does not indicate a cause and effect relationship. Use Scatter plots to determine what happens to one variable when another variable changes value. It is a tool used to visually determine whether a potential relationship exists between an input and an outcome.