# Calculating Productivity and Efficiency

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- This topic has 19 replies, 11 voices, and was last updated 10 years, 5 months ago by Surendran.

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- April 23, 2007 at 9:42 am #46793
Looking for away to calculate productivity and efficiency. Does the following make sense:

Productivity = # of product completed x standard / # of employees x hours paid or 8

Efficiency = # of Product completed x standard / # of employees x hours working on product (Subtract breaks)

Any help would be appreciated.0April 23, 2007 at 9:58 am #155103Dont wanna assume anything so want to get this clear:

In your formula.. what exactly do you mean by “standard”??0April 23, 2007 at 10:05 am #155104Hardly any difference between the two formulae except for the breaks.

Productivity formula seems simple and alright. Just that I would suggest you include break times in the formula for productivty.

However, for “Efficiency” I think you should take into account the number of defects/defectives.0April 23, 2007 at 11:29 am #155113

VidyadharMember@Vidyadhar**Include @Vidyadhar in your post and this person will**

be notified via email.Productivity = no of items produced *(std time required to produce one item)/ total time spent to produce n items

for efficiency — you would have to first decide as to what do you want to track as efficiency… is it based on time spent to produce goods or the efficiency of the output.0April 23, 2007 at 11:38 am #155115This would be the amount of time given to complete a task, job, etc.

Thanks

0April 23, 2007 at 11:42 am #155116Any input on how I could include defects / defectives in the efficiency formula?

0April 23, 2007 at 11:43 am #155117

VidyadharMember@Vidyadhar**Include @Vidyadhar in your post and this person will**

be notified via email.In that case you %age efficiency could be calculated as

standard time required to complete a job/ actual time taken(productive time) which would give a value no different from productivity.

0April 23, 2007 at 11:49 am #155119

Allthingsidiot OParticipant@Allthingsidiot-O**Include @Allthingsidiot-O in your post and this person will**

be notified via email.Does Productivity stand for “Effectiveness”??

0April 23, 2007 at 2:05 pm #155123

VidyadharMember@Vidyadhar**Include @Vidyadhar in your post and this person will**

be notified via email.Ideally that could be calculated as:

No of non defect free items produced*(standard time)/ total time taken to produce all items.0April 23, 2007 at 2:16 pm #155125Calculating efficiency from units produced and defectives.

Let Total No. of Items be: N

Let No. of Defective Items be: d

Let Standard time to produce one item be: t

Let Total time to produce N items be: T

Now let us calculate what ratio of our production is actually usable / selleable. Lets call it Effective Production Ratio.

Let Effective Production Ratio be: R

Calculate Effective Production Ratio (R) as = (Total No. of Items No. of Defective Items) / Total No. of Items

Therfore; Effective Production Ratio (R) = (N-d)/N

Productivity (P) = (Total No. of Items * Standard time to produce one item) / Total time to produce N items

= ( N * t ) / T

Efficiency (E) = Productivity * Effective Production Ratio = P * R

= (Total No. of Items * Standard time to produce one item * Effective Production Ratio) / Total time to produce N items

= ( N * t * R ) / T

I used the symbols to avoid making mistakes. Excuse me if the above is a little too mathematical.1April 23, 2007 at 2:35 pm #155128

VidyadharMember@Vidyadhar**Include @Vidyadhar in your post and this person will**

be notified via email.R Paul,

Thats really, good. These metrics have to be expressed as mathematical equations…

0April 23, 2007 at 3:10 pm #155135I copied this from http://www.oee.com, since your wanting to include defects into the equation this is the best way to accomplish your goal. More information at the web site, but I think this will help. In your other post you mentioned a standard, I assume this already takes into account breaks, normal tool changes, and adjustments?

Calculating OEE

The Formulas

As described in World Class OEE, the OEE calculation is based on the three OEE Factors: Availability, Performance, and Quality. Here’s how each of these factors is calculated.

Availability

Availability takes into account Down Time Loss, and is calculated as:Availability = Operating Time / Planned Production Time

Performance

Performance takes into account Speed Loss, and is calculated as:Performance = Ideal Cycle Time / (Operating Time / Total Pieces)

Ideal Cycle Time is the minimum cycle time that your process can be expected to achieve in optimal circumstances. It is sometimes called Design Cycle Time, Theoretical Cycle Time or Nameplate Capacity.Since Run Rate is the reciprocal of Cycle Time, Performance can also be calculated as:Performance = (Total Pieces / Operating Time) / Ideal Run Rate

Performance is capped at 100%, to ensure that if an error is made in specifying the Ideal Cycle Time or Ideal Run Rate the effect on OEE will be limited.

Quality

Quality takes into account Quality Loss, and is calculated as:Quality = Good Pieces / Total Pieces

OEE

OEE takes into account all three OEE Factors, and is calculated as:OEE = Availability x Performance x Quality

0April 23, 2007 at 3:29 pm #155138

Wayne MarhelskiMember@Wayne-Marhelski**Include @Wayne-Marhelski in your post and this person will**

be notified via email.CT identified a very useful tool (OEE). While this measurement is usually applied on a piece of equipment, it works just as well for a workcell, assembly line, or even a single station on an assembly line. How you use it all depends on whether you want a micro or macro perspective.

Wayne0April 24, 2007 at 8:45 am #155167Very interesting information. I will start plugging in numbers and see what happens. Much appreciated. Thanks to everyone who replied!

0April 26, 2007 at 12:54 pm #155298I my experience two metrics are used:

1. Productivity= units per paid labor hour (a measurement of labor efficiency). This should be compared to the standard rate per labor hour. A labor efficiency % could be calculated by dividing the two numbers.

2. OEE has described in the previous post to determine the machine effectiveness.

The two numbers are needed especially if you can overstaff a line and produce higher efficiency. It also helps to guide continuous improvements in terms of downtime reduction, speed improvements, line staffing, process delays, and lean activities such cell layout, SMED, and 5S.0April 26, 2007 at 3:08 pm #155316

AldermanParticipant@Capt.-Kaizen**Include @Capt.-Kaizen in your post and this person will**

be notified via email.Use the K.I.S.S. Method:

Productivity = the number of units / number of units scheduled.

Efficiency = the standard / the time it actually took

with the quality efficiency you would want to take the total number defectives / by the total number of units

just my 2 cents worth.0December 5, 2009 at 8:25 am #187341What means standard in your formulas ?

When you say hours paid do you refer to the required hours to build the number of products ccompleted ?

Thank you!

Tonny0December 5, 2009 at 10:24 am #187345It’s a 2 1/2 year old post. Go to Lean.org and read about OEE, it is a

real simple concept.0December 29, 2009 at 3:39 pm #187799I want to find a suitable formula to express productivity at my work place.I need to use in my formula the number of labours, hours spent to bild the products. Any help is apprecciated

0February 6, 2010 at 4:48 am #189103

SurendranMember@Surendran**Include @Surendran in your post and this person will**

be notified via email.What is meaning of std in productivity calculatuion

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