Gauge RR

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  • #52953


    I have a question
    why P/T ratio for gauges has to be <10 % or in other way R&R to be less <10 % ?
    Does it has any correlation with Process specification ? If So what is the margin for not committing Type I error?



    There are several reasons that gauge R&R should be less than 10% for most gauge applications.  In some texts, I have seen P/T ratios between 10 and 30% classified as “marginal” gauges.
    First, the disposition of units is subject to incorrect classification as the ratio rises.  This can lead to issues with sending on product that does not meet your specifications.   A unit measured just inside the spec limit might actually be bad, and similarly measurements from outside specification values could actually be good, if measured using a tool with better precision.
    Second, efforts to monitor and improve the process, either through control charts, or designed experiments, can be more difficult due to the inherent variability of the measurement tool.  This may lead to higher sampling costs (larger “n”) solely to get a better signal on the current state of the process or to develop an improved process. 
    Bottom line, use the “best” tool available from a P/T ratio perspective unless there are other factors preventing use. 

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