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Significance of LCL inPchart (Attribute Chart)

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  • #37569

    Pandit
    Participant

    I would like to know the significance of LCL in the Pchart since the point just above or below the LCL means the same and Β Series of points moving away from centreline towards Zero is alwas preferable.

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    #110870

    Darth
    Participant

    LCL is truncated to zero because you can’t have less than zero percent defective.Β  Direction to zero is desired.

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    #110875

    mjones
    Participant

    Pandit-
    Presuming the LCL of your p-chart is above 0, and movement toward 0 is desired… What does it mean if you have a point “out of control” below the LCL? This point is significantly different! Something happened (probably) that caused this good thing to occur!
    This is good news! An opportunity! Go find out what caused the process to be significantly better. Keep doing this and make things better.

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    #110876

    SPC junkie
    Member

    Points below the LCL can represent one of three conditions:
    (1) A legitimate trend toward a new state of control at a lower level of defects (as indicated by Darth)
    (2) Deficient inspection, which is finding less defects than statistically expected.
    (3) Lack of randomness in the inspected sample

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    #111037

    Sankar
    Participant

    Then Why should I calculate LCL as anything towards ‘0’ is prefered.

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    #111042

    Tim F
    Member

    LCL (or UCL) is calculated because that is how the system IS behaving. It has nothing to do with how you WANT the system to behave. LCL & UCL (control limits) are “the voice of the process”. Once you know the current behavior, you can watch for changes. The spec limits are “the voice of the customer”. That is want you want. You need to compare what you have (control limits) to what you want (spec limits).
    Tim F

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