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Which StDev is bigger?CPK or PPK

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  • #52096

    Huangyanwei
    Participant

    Hello , I need your help.
    In Minitab£¬when calculate Cpk or PPK, use related StDev(Within or Overall).
    My qestion, which StDev is bigger?always PPK StDev?I think not,because I often find Cpk SteDev is always bigger than PPk SteDev?
    Pls give some explanation.
    Thanks.

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    #182720

    Gary Cone
    Participant

    The standard deviation for Ppk should always be greater or equal to
    the standard deviation for Cpk.When it’s not, it’s because some estimation has been made for the
    standard deviation associated with Cpk. The estimation is usually
    when you have made subgroups size = 1 and moving range is used.

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    #182722

    yu yu
    Member

    if using mintab to form random date, and calculate cpk,ppk, you can always find Steve for cpk is bigger than ppk, even subgoup is 5 or more.
    why?

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    #182739

    anon
    Participant

    yu yu,
    I wouldn’t bother to understand what the numbers represent either. Just keep generating those random number sets and running the capability numbers. It doesn’t really matter what they mean just so you can get Minitab to do the analysis. That is what is important.
    Your other option is to turn off your computer and understand what the numbers represent then you will know that what Gary Cone said is true. Then figure out what you are doing wrong.
    When you figure this out then you can figure out why Cpk will only be equal to or greater than Cp. Pure conjecture, if I were a betting person I would bet we will hear from you again in about a year.

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    #182754

    Zoltan
    Member

    Anon,
    If you are going to be snarky, at least get your facts straight.  Cpk can never be greater than Cp – only less than or equal to.

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    #182755

    anon
    Participant

    Zoltan,
    That would be correct but now we will see them back in less than year.

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    #182757

    Bower Chiel
    Participant

    Hi Anon, GarySurely any calculation of Cp, Cpk, Pp, Ppk etc.is going to involve estimation of some sort!Best WishesBower Chiel

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    #182760

    Mikel
    Member

    True, but mR is a poor one, just better than nothing.

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    #182767

    Craig
    Participant

    The original poster should study the formulas to answer this question.
    Short term sigma will vary based on the choice of subgroup size. Also, since the range is used for estimating sigma, only 2 data points in each subgroup are used for the estimation.
    Long term sigma will be the same for a given data set as it does not involve subgroup size, RBar calcs, d2 factors, and it uses all the data. 
    Try crunching the data below and calc cpk and ppk using subroup size 3 and  then 5. Try using the XBar/S approach for subgroup size 9.
    Random80,2.580.271741381.912070679.170107676.886771779.310134379.819943383.339142481.014008283.34329478.359133582.656855981.297196277.433550478.812705781.170546279.860023482.013038380.77011379.728586180.323561377.460475576.497974380.972126777.33562781.302931279.484176878.805654182.325127177.693351482.585998580.306328976.591258975.872435176.154374282.124018576.382226878.756533879.931679284.756554278.732030479.972229779.138389578.087130576.729063981.147533479.568373379.960751479.081382578.064946481.521382476.789109277.711547680.753827278.03083483.316858179.210368577.688889780.906081378.558076278.25072777.261488581.659291482.934349481.55761177.813372276.828578875.420678778.849201778.137084880.235490380.699264481.899598581.554661580.445139775.302697979.874024380.506680682.773424174.091067183.713889784.288995880.571852280.384882483.648579381.308760576.463769678.918963881.687990980.054462580.7556079

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