Definition of Advanced Product Quality Planning (APQP):
Advanced product quality planning has five phases.
Phase 1 –
Plan and define program – determining customer needs, requirements and expectations using tools such as QFD, review the entire quality planning process to enable the implementation of a quality program, how to define and set the inputs and the outputs.
Phase 2 –
Product design and development – review the inputs and execute the outputs, which include FMEA, DFMA, design verification, design reviews, material and engineering specifications.
Phase 3 –
Process design and development – addressing features for developing manufacturing systems and related control plans, these tasks are dependent on the successful completion of phases 1 and 2; execute the outputs.
Phase 4 –
Product and process validation – validation of the selected manufacturing process and its control mechanisms through production run evaluation outlining mandatory production conditions and requirements identifying the required outputs.
Phase 5 –
Launch, feedback, assessment and corrective action – focuses on reduced variation and continuous improvement identifying outputs and links to customer expectations and future product programmes.
Control plan methodology –
discusses use of control plan and relevant data required to construct and determine control plan parameters; stresses the importance of the control plan in the continuous improvement cycle.