Definition of Z:

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A Z value is a data point’s position between the mean and another location as measured by the number of standard deviations. Z is a universal measurement because it can be applied to any unit of measure. Z is a measure of process capability and corresponds to the process sigma value that is reported by the businesses. For example, a 3 sigma process means that three standard deviations lie between the mean and the nearest specification limit. Three is the Z value.

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